Selected historic monuments
on the Lower Vlatava River
(Also called Hunec or Kamýk) On a rise above the small town of Kamýk nad Vltavou one can find the extensive ruins of a castle that was founded by Wenceslas I in the first half of the 13th century. Vrškamýk lost its importance after Karlštejn Castle was built. It was abandoned and fell into desolation.
This grandiose royal early-gothic castle was founded in the mid 13th century on a rocky promontory high above the confluence of the Vltava and Otava Rivers by Wenceslas I. However, significant structural growth of the castle is associated with the rule of Přemysl Ottokara II. The oldest structure in the castle is a square tower named Hlízová, sometimes also called Markomanka.
This originally royal castle (first mentioned in the mid 13th century) has been gradually reconstructed over the years: In the 16th century it received the appearance of a chateau and today’s neo-gothic appearance comes from reconstruction in the mid 19th century. The shape of the chateau comes from four wings that enclose a courtyard. After the Orlík Dam reservoir was filled in 1960, the castle “moved” from its high rock promontory down to almost the level of the lake.
The Zbraslav Chateau, formerly a Cistercian monastery, was founded by Wenceslas II. During the years 1709 to 1732 it was reconstructed in the Baroque style by Jan Santini and František Kaňka. The current appearance of the chateau is the result of reconstruction in 1825. Until 2009, it was the depository for National Gallery collections.
A national cultural monument. Originally a fortified location from the 10th century on a cliff on the right bank of the Vltava, it is tied together with many legends from the beginning of Czech history. The silhouette of Vyšehrad is dominated by the two towers of the Church of St. Peter and St. Paul. The church cemetery has been transformed into the resting place of famous Czech people (Pantheon).
The symbol of Prague and Czech statehood, the traditional seat of Czech rulers and since 1918 the president of the country. It was founded in the 9th century, and gradually reconstructed and expanded. One of the largest castle complexes in the world. The most valuable part of the Castle is St. Vitus’s Cathedral.
Founded in 1140 by Vladislav II, it is the oldest Premonstratensian monastery in Bohemia. The building complex includes the Museum of Czech Literature, formerly the Romanesque basilica of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary, later reconstructed in the Gothic style, and today having a Baroque appearance.
The chateau in the peak Baroque style, with an extensive “French” terraced garden, was built in the years 1679 to 1685 at the impetus of Count Václav Vojtěch of Šternberk. The author of the project was French architect Jean Babtiste Mathey. It has rich painting and statue ornamentation.
A national cultural monument. On the location of today’s village of Roztoky stands the Church of St. Kliment, under the floor of which was found the remains of a rotunda during the years 1939 to 1941 – the first Christian church in Bohemia, founded by the Přemysl Prince Bořivoj at the end of the 9th century.
The birthplace of composer Antonín Dvořák (1841 – 1904). The chateau, owned by the Lobkowicz family, is one of the preeminent examples of Czech Renaissance architecture. It was built during the years 1553 to 1588. The chateau houses an extensive exhibition of the paintings of the Central Bohemian gallery.
A national cultural monument, the Veltrusy Chateau – the noble, peak Baroque structure from the beginning of the 18th century, with an adjoining ornamental park, was built at the impetus of Count Václav Antonín Chotek. His son Rudolf later had the chateau expanded.
Originally the wooden old Slav castle Pšov from the 9th century, and later a German stone castle. During the 13th to the 15th century, it became a Gothic castle and later was reconstructed into a renaissance chateau. Today’s appearance of the chateau is the result of Baroque reconstruction in the 17th century. Wine has been made here since the 13th century. An extensive painting gallery.
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